血橙 Blood orange

丈夫从伦敦买了一包血橙 (Blood orange)回来,这里是从来没见过,这次把它拍下和大家分享一下下。。。 

血橙(blood orange) 是一个混种的植物,第一次出现在1850的欧洲,新鲜的血橙是红或橙色,有明亮的红色条纹,并且香甜多汁有一种芬芳的香气,有几个品种是略呈椭圆形的,血橙大都无核,主要被种植在西班牙、意大利和北美。

血橙是橙(Citrus sinensis)的变种,带有深红色似血颜色的果肉与汁液。这种水果较寻常的橙还要小;表皮通常有小凹点,但也可以是平滑的。具有特色的深色果肉是因为花色苷(anthocyanin)的存在;花色苷是一种常见的色素,为花青素与单糖形成的糖苷结合物,存在于许多花朵与果实中,但在柑橘类果实却很少见。有时候在最外层的皮上也会有深色表现,要看血橙的变异度。内部深色则与光、温度以及变异度相关。 

现有三种血橙:塔罗科血橙(Tarocco,原生于义大利)、桑吉耐劳血橙(Sanguinello原生于西班牙)以及摩洛血橙(Moro),为最新的变种。

血橙果汁挞。它可以作为一个鸡尾酒原料。橘子还可以用来制造果酱和热情可用于烘烤使用。一个冬天流行的西西里色拉是切塔罗科橙子,切球茴香制成,香菜和橄榄油。橘子也被用来制造冰淇淋,冰糕和意大利苏打水。血橙也在香醋式敷料受欢迎,有时被用来风味利基市场的啤酒。

Blood orange (blood orange) is a hybrid plant, first time in Europe in 1850, fresh blood orange is red or orange, with bright red stripes, and sweet and juicy with a fragrant aroma, some blood oranges are slightly oval, blood orange mostly is seedless, mainly grown in Spain, Italy and North America.

The blood orange is a variety of orange (Citrus sinensis) with crimson, blood-colored flesh. The fruit is smaller than an average orange; its skin is usually pitted, but can be smooth. The distinctive dark flesh color is due to the presence of anthocyanins, a family of pigments common to many flowers and fruit, but uncommon in citrus fruits.  Sometimes there is dark coloring on the exterior of the rind as well, depending on the variety of blood orange. The degree of coloration depends on light, temperature and variety.

The blood orange is often described as a hybrid between the pomelo and the tangerine, but it is actually just a mutation of a sweet orange.

The three most common types of blood oranges are: the Tarocco (native to Italy), the Sanguinello (native to Spain), and the Moro, the newest variety of the three.

Blood orange juice is tart. It can be used as a cocktail ingredient. The oranges can also be used to create marmalade, and the zest can be used for baking. A popular Sicilian winter salad is made with sliced Tarocco oranges, sliced bulb fennel, parsley and olive oil. The oranges have also been used to create gelato, sorbet and Italian soda. Blood oranges are also popular in vinaigrette-style dressings, and are sometimes used to flavour niche-market beer.

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